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Intimate Health: Exploring Sex, Desire, and Disease

Sex is an intimate expression of love, passion, and desire. It is a fundamental part of human nature and something that brings us great joy and satisfaction. Many people use sex as a way to relieve stress or anxiety, while others simply enjoy the physical sensations and pleasure that sex can bring.However, the aftermath of sexual activity isn’t always pleasant with sexually transmitted infection (STI)  or unwanted pregnancy often the cause of discomfort and unsuccessful relationships.

Taking into account the different types of sexually transmitted infections, the difference between sexually transmitted disease (STD) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) and how to protect yourself against them contributes to a more pleasurable and safe sexual experience. 



Although often used interchangeably STIs and STDs do not denote the same thing.  STIs refer to infections that can be transmitted through sexual contact, while STDs refer to  sexually transmitted infection that has progressed to a point where it is causing other health problems.


Different Types of STIs

STIs are infections that are spread through sexual contact. They can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens and can cause a wide range of symptoms and health problems.

Some of the most common types of STIs include:

  1. Chlamydia: This is a bacterial infection that can be spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Symptoms include discharge, pain during sex, and burning or itching around the genitals.
  2. Gonorrhea: This is another bacterial infection that can be spread through sexual contact. Symptoms include painful urination, discharge, and pain or swelling in the genitals.
  3. Human Papillomavirus (HPV): This is a viral infection that can be spread through skin-to-skin contact during sexual activity. HPV can cause genital warts and has been linked to certain types of cancer.
  4. Herpes: This is a viral infection that can be spread through skin-to-skin contact. Symptoms include painful sores or blisters around the genitals or mouth.
  5. HIV: This is a viral infection that attacks the immune system. It is spread through blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. HIV can lead to serious health problems and can be life-threatening if left untreated.



Regular STI testing is an important part of maintaining sexual health. Many STIs can be asymptomatic, meaning that they can be present without causing any noticeable symptoms. This makes it important to get tested even if you feel fine. Testing for STIs is usually done through a blood or urine test, or by taking a swab from the affected area. 


Protecting Yourself from STIs

The good news is that there are many ways to protect yourself from STIs. The most effective way to prevent STIs is to practice safe sex. This means using a condom or other barrier method every time you have sex, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex.

Other ways to protect yourself from STIs include:

  1. Getting tested regularly: If you are sexually active, it is important to get tested for STIs on a regular basis. This can help to detect infections early on and prevent the spread of the infection to others.
  2. Limiting your number of sexual partners: The more sexual partners you have, the higher your risk of contracting an STI. Limiting your number of sexual partners can help to reduce your risk of infection.
  3. Communicating with your partner: It is important to communicate openly and honestly with your partner about your sexual history and any concerns you may have about STIs.
  4. Using protection: Using condoms or other barrier methods is essential in reducing the risk of contracting an STI.
  5. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (or PrEP): Medicine taken to prevent HIV.



If you suspect you have an STI, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Many STIs can be cured with antibiotics or antiviral medications if caught early enough. However, some STIs, such as HIV and herpes, cannot be cured but can be managed with medication. It is important to finish any prescribed medications and to avoid sexual activity until the infection has cleared up.


Visit your nearest quadcare clinic or WhatsApp us on 064 705 5087 for any inquiries. 

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